Having a share in a company gives the investor some privileges: a share in the dividend, the possibility of voting, being one of the owners and receive a part of the company’s assets, all these proportional to the investor holding.
Every company is formed with assets, what the company has (land, buildings, cash.) minus its liabilities (borrowings and payments to creditors).
Assets have a nominal value, which represents the asset value of the company and its capacity to make money. The issued saher capital of the company equals to the total nominal amount of all the shares issued.
There’s also a non-voting shares in some companies, this makes the fundators have the total control of the company.
The profit of a company usually is divided into two, in one hand the dividend (part given to the owners) and the other part that is retained in the company to make more profit or use it in the future.
P/E (price to earnings) ratio measures the time it will take to pay the price of the share.
A company performance can also be measured by the yield obtained investing in the company’s shares.

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