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The text shown in this website contains some extracts taken from the book “Investing in stocks & shares”. It basically explains some unknown concepts for the vast majority of people who are not used to this type of financial vocabulary.
The first concept explained in the text is the word “share” and it appears described as a unit of account issued generally by public limited companies that allows the shareholder to take part on the company’s decisions by being able to vote in the AGM (annual general meeting) depending on the size of the investor's holding even though there are in existence some non-voting shares for certain companies usually designated by the suffix 'A' but are gradually disappearing. The shares also allow the owners to have dividends, another important concept underlined in the text, described as the portion of corporate profits paid out to shareholders. When a corporation earns a profit, that money can be put to two uses: it can either be re-invested in the business, or it can be paid to the shareholders as a dividend. Many corporations retain a portion of their earnings and pay the remainder as a dividend (know in the text as “cover”).
“The nominal value” of a share is the price of each share when a flotation is made in a company.
The word “assets”, also emphasized in the text, is described as everything of value that is owned by the company. This is also interesting information for the shareholders in order to know the company’s solvency.
The “P/E ratio” is a measure of the price paid for a share relative to the profit earned by the company per share.
“The yield” is the last important word described in the text and is the interest or dividends received from a security which is expressed as a percentage based on the investment's cost.

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