Shares are the parts in which a company is divided. It gives the holder the right to vote in proportion to the number of shares he holds at the Annual General Meeting ans a part of its dividend. However there are some exceptions.
They are the result of adding the money value of all the company´s rights, properties and money and subtracting its liabilities and due payments or future payments.
-Nominal Share Value.
It is the value of one single share. The sum of value of all company shares is called “issued share capital”.
Not all shares are the same. ”A” Shares enjoy more benefits. Some shares don´t carry voting rights, originally they were meant for founding families. Today these shares are being converted.
-The dividend and its cover.
A dividend is a part of company profits which a shareholder receives. Its amount depends on the number of shares a share holder holds, and on the proportion of company profit destined to reward shareholders.
The cover is the number of times a company could have paid dividends according to its profits.
-P/E Ratio.
This ratio measures the amount of years that will be necessary for the share holder to see the value of his shares paid off. To work out the number of years the earnings must be divided by the number of shares.
-The Yield.
It measures how companies reward their shareholders. To work it out you must take the dividend to a share and divide it by the value of the share. The result must be a percentage. This result can be compared with the return given by a bank deposits.

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